What Is Cubic Zirconia Made Of?
Cubic zirconia is a form of zirconium dioxide. It is created synthetically and is usually colorless and relatively flawless. Since its optical and physical properties resemble to some extent those of diamond, cubic zirconia is often used as a diamond imitation.
How Are Man-Made Diamonds Created?
Man-made diamonds are created synthetically in a lab. They are also known as lab-grown diamonds, cultivated diamonds, synthetic diamonds, created diamonds, and cultured diamonds.
Contrary to what some people think, man-made diamonds are not considered fake just because they are made artificially.
These stones are real diamonds as they have the same chemical composition and physical characteristics as natural diamonds.
Differences Between Man-Made Diamonds and Cubic Zirconia
Cubic zirconia and man-made diamonds differ in their physical and chemical properties.
Here are some of the most noticeable differences that may help you to tell these stones apart:
Man-made diamonds are significantly more durable than cubic zirconia.
This is mainly due to the differences in hardness between these stones: While synthetic diamonds are rated 10 on the Mohs scale of hardness, cubic zirconia has a rating of 8.5.
For that reason, cubic zirconia is much easier to scratch and is generally less durable than lab-created diamonds.
Facets and Cut
Since cubic zirconia is softer than man-made diamonds, when cut and polished, these two materials differ in how sharp the edges of their facets are.
Synthetics, like natural diamonds, have facets with very sharp edges. Faceted cubic zirconia stones, on the other hand, have edges that are more rounded, and with time, they become even rounder as the material wears out.
Another difference between cubic zirconia and man-made diamonds is in the level of their dispersion. This property is directly related to how a stone breaks down light into a rainbow of spectral colors – an effect also called “fire.”
Cubic zirconia has higher dispersion, and for this reason, when exposed to light, this stone exhibits flashes that are more colorful than those in a synthetic diamonds.
Cubic zirconia is a material that is heavier than natural and synthetic diamond.
Therefore, if you weigh a cubic zirconia stone and compare its weight with that of a man-made diamond of similar size, the cubic zirconia should be significantly heavier.
Man-made diamonds have the same properties as natural diamonds, and although synthetics are cheaper to produce, they are still relatively expensive compared with cubic zirconia.
Actually, it is very often the case that a cubic zirconia costs a fraction of the price of a created diamond of similar size, color, and clarity.
Color and Clarity: More Similar than Different
Although cubic zirconia usually is clearer and more colorless than most natural diamonds due to its synthetic origin, man-made diamonds are more likely to have color and clarity that are just as good.
While lab-created diamonds can have yellowish tints and sometimes even have natural-looking flaws, the artificial process used to produce these stones usually ensures that defects are minimized, as is the case with cubic zirconia.
For that reason, how clear and colorless a stone looks should not be your primary way of telling man-made diamonds from cubic zirconia.
Heat and Electric Conductivity: The Best Way to Test
Man-made diamonds and cubic zirconia differ in the way they conduct heat and electricity. This makes it easy to tell them apart with a diamond tester, which is basically a device that measures the conductive properties of materials.
This is also why using such a tool is the most certain way to tell whether the stone you have is a diamond or something else.
(Most diamond testers will indicate whether a stone is a diamond, but if it is not, they will not tell you whether it is cubic zirconia.)For more information on diamonds: Read our Diamond Cut Quality Guide.
Important: We recommend that you only buy diamonds that you have seen and examined in detail. Each diamond is unique, and a mere description of color, cut and clarity is not sufficient, as even stones of the same grades might look different.